Official in charge of the daily running of a castle/house; a domestic rather than a military officer, though such duties were taken on in an abbot's household, for instance. The word was also used in combination with 'high', of a person able to advance and protect the interests of a monastery or abbey at court; consequently the holder was a person of noble birth or a lay magnate with influence at court. They were in effect lobbyists. Fees were payable. These were not great sums (perhaps 40s) but held multiply they could be well worthwhile; also being such a steward came with the perk of ample hospitality when visiting his charge. During the reign of Henry I (1100-35) there were perhaps four stewards with the title; at other times there may have been as many as five. They seem to have been verbal, ad hoc appointments of the people who actually did the work. The post may also have been at times hereditary; in these cases the person bore the title but probably as an honorary position. Such appointments were begun by the Norman kings; subsequent monarchs did the same. The Scottish surname Stewart relates to the royal steward. -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .


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  • Steward — Steward …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • steward — [ stiwart ] n. m. • 1833 « majordome »; mot angl. 1 ♦ Maître d hôtel ou garçon de service à bord d un paquebot. 2 ♦ Cour. Membre masculin du personnel de cabine d un avion, chargé du service des passagers. Le steward et l hôtesse. Abrév. STEW [… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Steward — Stew ard, n. [OE. stiward, AS. st[=i]weard, stigweard, literally, a sty ward; stigu sty + weard warden, guardian, his first duty having been probably to attend to the domestic animals. [root]164. See {Sty} pen for swine, {Ward}.] 1. A man… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • steward — stew‧ard [ˈstjuːəd ǁ ˈstuːərd] noun [countable] 1. a man who serves food and drinks to passengers on a plane or ship 2. also shop steward HUMAN RESOURCES a worker who is elected by members of a trade union in a facto …   Financial and business terms

  • steward — STEWARD, stewarzi, s.m. Bărbat din personalul unei (aero)nave care serveşte pasagerii sau echipajul. [pr.: stíuard] – Din engl. steward. Trimis de ibogdank, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  STEWAR//D [pr.: stíuard] stewardzi m. Bărbat care face parte… …   Dicționar Român

  • Steward — Sm Betreuer der Passagiere per. Wortschatz fremd. Erkennbar fremd (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. steward, dieses aus ae. stigweard Hauswart , zu ae. stig n. Stall, Verschlag, Vorraum und ae. weard Hüter . Geläufiger ist die feminine Form… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • STEWARD (J. H.) — STEWARD JULIAN H. (1902 1972) Les hypothèses de Steward sur l’évolution des cultures, sur la structure des communautés rurales et sur les caractères de la civilisation du Nouveau Monde ont marqué l’anthropologie américaine. Entré à l’American… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • steward — [sto͞o′ərd, styo͞o′ərd] n. [ME stiward < OE stiweard < stig, enclosure, hall, STY1 + weard, keeper, WARD] 1. a person put in charge of the affairs of a large household or estate, whose duties include supervision of the kitchen and the… …   English World dictionary

  • steward — stew·ard n: shop steward Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. steward …   Law dictionary

  • Steward — Steward, IL U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 271 Housing Units (2000): 103 Land area (2000): 0.124263 sq. miles (0.321840 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.124263 sq. miles (0.321840… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Steward, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 271 Housing Units (2000): 103 Land area (2000): 0.124263 sq. miles (0.321840 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.124263 sq. miles (0.321840 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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